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Historical Information:

CSFP Archival Reports and Documents. Either scroll down to view all CSFP reports or select from the following years: 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 (includes Interim Committee Report).

December 2015

CSFP Presentations at 2015 CASB Convention:

Colorado Did You Know? School Finance video: link

 

 

November 2015

CSFP November Advisory Committee meeting presentations:

 

Final results of 2015 District Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override (MLO), Technology MLO, Authorization to Lease November elections.

 

Governor's Budget Letter, November 2, 2015

October 2015

CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) October Conference Call.

Western Slope Superintendents Meeting: The Conundrum of School Finance (pdf) - CSFP Presentation

 

2015 State Profile Data: Our annual profile information depicts changes in K-12 funding and counts (comparing the base year of 1992-93 to 2008-09 to 2012-13 to 2013-14). Data is audited data from CDE, so lags behind current information.

  • CSFP Profile Data: 2015 Highlights: 2 page overview of state profile data highlighting areas of concern for K-12.
  • CSFP 2015 State Profile Data: About the 4 tables and Notes
    • Table 1: Enrollment, Special Education, Free and Reduced Lunch, English language learners (ELL), Instances of Mobility, and Gifted Students
    • Table 2: Number of Teachers, Teachers per 1,000 students, Average Salary (comparing CO and National)
    • Table 3: Per Student Current Spending and Revenues
    • Table 4: Relationship between State/Local Revenue for K-12 Public Education and Personal Income
    • Notes and Terms: Footnotes for all tables are located on this page.

 

CSFP presentation at CASBO October 2015

The Conundrum of School Finance - CASBO 2015 (PDF of powerpoint)
CSFP: Percent Change in Per Pupil Spending from 2008-2013, adjusted for inflation, chart. Data source: US Census Bureau. Chart:

Percent change in Per Pupil Spending from 2008 - 2013, adjusted for inflation.  Colorado spend 12% fewer dollars in 2013 than in 2008, falling in the bottom 5 states. Data source: U.S. Census Burear

 

Presentations from October Advisory Committee

September 2015

CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) September Conference Call.

 

Superintendents Conference: CSFP Scenarios presented at the Superintendents Conference. NOTE: CSFP will update our scenario information soon after the State Forecast on September 21, 2015.

  1. Components for State Level Modeling School Funding
  2. CSFP Scenarios:
    1. CSFP 2015-16 Scenarios Page 1
    2. CSFP 2016-17 Scenarios Page 2
    3. CSFP 2017-18 Scenarios Page 3
    4. CSFP Comparison of Per Pupil Figures Page 4
  3. Impact of Increasing Negative Factor - chart

 

DRAFT District Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override and Technology Mill Levy Override for 2015 - As in past years the CSFP collected district election information for 2015. Updated 9/25/2015 at 10:30 AM.


Educating Colorado Project (ECP)

August 2015

District Budget Cut Conversations and Four Years of the Negative Factor

As in prior years, the CSFP collected budget cut conversations from school districts and the media: 2015-16 School District Budget Conversations. We also added the 2014-15 Negative Factor data to our Negative Factor by County/District 2011-12 thru 2014-15 Summary (Data Source: CDE). The last column indicates the revenue lost to districts over the 4 year period. This information and prior year's information is posted on our District Budget Cuts page.

 

July 2015

DRAFT of 2015 possible district elections (Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override) as of August 10, 2015. We will update at the end of August/beginning for September.

 

CASE presentation: CSFP, CASE Department of Business Officials (DBO) and Augenblick, Palaich & Associates presentation Making Sense of the School Finance Landscape:

June 2015

Colorado Supreme Court ruling Taxpayers for Public Education v Douglas County School District

 

CSFP's Colorado School Finance & Education Reform Timeline - 1980 - 2016. June 2015 update.

CSFP Colorado School Finance and Education Reform Timeline

 

 

June 2015 Forecasts: Colorado Legislative Council and Office of State Planning & Budget (OSPB)

 

CSFP Highlightsof district fiscal trends from the Office of the State Auditor (OSA), School Fiscal Health report, May 2015, reporting on FY11-12, FY12-13, and FY 13-14. Appendix C: Map of districts with 2 or more warning indicators. Prior years OSA School Fiscal Health reports are on the School Finance 101 tab, then click on the Office of the State Auditor heading.

 

U.S. CENSUS BUREAU - Public Elementary-Secondary Education Finance Data: 2013 (2015 update). The report: U.S. Census Bureau: Public Education Finances: 2013. Colorado highlights:

  • Revenue Per Student: Colorado is $-2,061 below the US Average.
  • Spending Per Student: Colorado is $-2,053 below the US Average.
  • As Colorado has increased per pupil spending/revenue over the years, the US Average has increased more.

CSFP created the following reports reflecting Colorado's Education Finance Data Rankings 2013:

U.S. Census Bureau: Public Education Finances: 2013, Highlighting Colorado's rankings:

  • Table 11. States Ranked According to Per Pupil Elementary-Secondary Public School System Finance Amounts: FY 2012-13
  • Table 12. States Ranked According to Relation of Elementary-Secondary Public School System Finance Amounts to $1,000 of Personal Income: FY 2012-13

 

 

Dwyer v CO - oral arguments presented to Colorado Supreme Court June 3, 2015, 15SA22. Link to the one hour video of the oral arguments (pdf of the instructions):

  1. Click on this link, which goes to the Colorado Judicial Branch, Appellate Courts Live Broadcast,
  2. Type Dwyer in the Archived Video search box.
  3. Click on 15SA22, In Dwyer v The State of Colorado
  4. The Dwyer v State of Colorado video will appear.
 

May 2015

Office of the State Auditor, School Fiscal Health Report, May 2015. The report includes information from 2012, 2013, and 2014. For additional background, the District Budget Cuts tab contains information about the cuts districts made during this timeframe due to the Negative Factor and mid-year rescissions. The Colorado School Finance Timeline and Education Reform provides a historical overview of this time period. School Fiscal Health reports from 2009-2015 are on the School Finance 101 tab, then click on the Office of the State Auditor heading.

Maps of Districts with 2 or more warning indicators (note dates are not on the maps)

 

CSFP's Colorado School Finance & Education Reform Timeline - 1980 - 2016. June 2015 update.

CSFP Colorado School Finance and Education Reform Timeline

 

CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) May Conference Call.

 

CSFP Discussion: CSFP Equity Analysis - Overview

 

Student Centered Accountability Project: Bruce Hankins, Superintendent Dolores County Schools, and Brian Hanson, Superintendent Mancos School District RE-6, presented to the State Board on May 14, 2015 their rural alternative assessment and Student Centered Accountability Project.

 

On April 20, 2015 the CSFP emailed all 178 Colorado school districts and the Charter School Institute asking for a response to the question:

What Would You Do with Additional Funds?

On April 21st, we began tweeting responses.  We will continue tweeting responses each day in an attempt to capture district needs across the state.  We know everyone isn’t on twitter, so the tweets are captured here.  The list is updated through Wednesday, May 6, 2015. Our thanks to districts for their insight. For those of you on twitter: We are using the hashtag #k12needsco (K12 Needs CO).

Background on the Negative Factor: Since 2009, Colorado school districts have been negatively impacted by the Negative Factor / Rescissions; forcing districts to cut budgets and continue to make reductions.

Negative Factor by Fiscal Year:

  • FY 2009-10: $130M
  • FY 2010-11: $381M
  • FY2011-12: $774M
  • FY2012-13: $1.001B
  • FY 2013-14: $1.004B
  • FY 2014-15: $880.1M
  • FY 2015-16: Estimated $855.1M

 

Dwyer v CO - Dwyer Order Setting Oral Argument Dwyer v State of CO. Prior information pertaining to the Dwyer (Amendment 23) v CO lawsuit is available here, Amendment 23 Dwyer v CO tab.

 

April 2015:

CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) April Conference Call.

 

Dwyer v CO - April 22, 2015 - Reply to Plaintiff's Response to Order and Rule to Show Cause (State's reply)- Amendment 23. Prior information pertaining to the Dwyer (Amendment 23) v CO lawsuit is available here, Amendment 23 Dwyer v CO tab.

 

NOW WHAT? March Estimates and Possible Fixes - Carol Hedges, Colorado Fiscal Institute: Presentation to CSFP.

Who Are Colorado's Students? 2014-15 - one page summary of Colorado's students.

 

March 2015:

Dwyer v CO - March 23, 2015 - Response and Amicus Briefs - Amendment 23. Prior information pertaining to the Dwyer (Amendment 23) v CO lawsuit is available here, Amendment 23 Dwyer v CO tab.

 

Natalie Mullis, Chief Economist, Colorado Legislative Council Staff presentation to CSFP: Colorado Legislative Council Services March Forecast and Memorandum to JBC on the March Revenue Forecast, General Fund Overview: OSPB and Colorado Legislative Council Services forecasts.

 

Superintendents Position Paper: "Endorsed by 174 Colorado superintendents representing more than 92% of the public school students in our state, this statement communicates our collective position on the foundational issue of public school funding."

February 2015:

Quality Counts 2015 (2011-12 School Year, FY 2012)

  1. Per Pupil Spending by State: Colorado ranks 43 of 51 in per pupil spending; spending $2,715 less than the U.S. Average of $11,735,
  2. Percent Total Taxable Resources Spent by State: Colorado ranks 39th.
  3. School Finance Grade by state. Colorado ranks 41st with a D+.
  4. Nearby States Spending More Per Pupil than Colorado. Colorado spends $2,715 less than the U.S. average.
    • Kansas spends $2,379 more than Colorado
    • Montana $4,204 more
    • Nebraska $4,437 more
    • New Mexico $716 more
    • Wyoming $8,738 more

CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) February Conference Call.

 

Henry Sobanet, Office of State Planning and Budget: Presentation to CSFP: Colorado State Budget, TABOR, Amendment 23.

 

Great Education Colorado, Presentation to CSFP: Finding Common Ground on Common Core, results of facilitated conversations about standards, taxes and solutions. Great Education's "Keep the TABOR Surplus for Kids" petition is available here, and on their website.

 

2014 State Profile Data: Our annual profile information depicts changes in K-12 funding and counts (comparing 1992-93 to 2007-08 to 2011-12 to 2012-13). Prior State Profile information is in the State Profile Data tab.

  • CSFP Profile Data: 2014 Highlights: is a 2-page overview of all state profile data highlighting areas of concern for K-12.
  • CSFP State Profile Data: 4 tables and Notes (italicized items are new this year):
    • Table 1: Enrollment (Funded Pupil Count and Membership), Special Education, Free and Reduced Lunch, ELL (2 year funded and total ELL served), Instances of Mobility, Gifted and Talented. Note that all per pupil calculations are on Membership count.
    • Table 2: Number of Teachers, Teachers per 1,000 students, Average Salary
    • Table 3: Per Student Current Spendng and Revenues - New: State/Local Revenue without Overrides (See Notes for further information on this item).
    • Table 4: Relationship between State/Local Revenue for K-12 Public Education and Personal Income, New: Overrides in Local, Negative Factor
    • Notes: Footnotes for all tables are located on the Notes pages.

Dwyer Order and Rule to Show Cause - Colorado Supreme Court. Additional information:

 

A recently released study by Northwestern University & University of California on The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes Evidence from School Reforms:

Purpose of Study: To understand whether, how and why school spending affects student outcomes. Findings: Researchers found that increased per-pupil spending, induced by school finance reforms narrowed adult socioeconomic attainment differences between those raised in low-income and high-income families. They find that money does matter and that better school resources can meaningfully improve the long-term outcomes of recently educated children.

 

Three Years of Negative Factor by district - FY 2011-12 thru FY 2013-14. Totals by district and Fiscal Year. The CSFP will update this report with FY 2014-15 data once that data is final. Data source: CDE, district by district final reports, February 2015.

 

January 2015:

The Education Writers Association, using recent National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) data on Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2011-12 FY 2012, created an interactive map containing data for each state. The article: How the United States Spent $600B on Schools SY 2011-12 FY 2012. The interactive map is here. The CSFP also used this data in our annual Trends in Per Pupil Spending.

 

CSFP Presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) January Conference Call.

 

Natalie Mullis, Chief Economist, Colorado Legislative Council Staff presentation to CSFP: Colorado Economy and State Budget Outlook.

 

Chart: Colorado's PK-12 Membership continues to increase as funding decreases:

As Colorado's PK-12 membership and At-Risk count have increases, rescissions and the Negative Factor have decreased funding.  Over 1/3 of Colorado's students are At-Risk, based upon the Federal Guidelines for Free Lunch.

 

Update to CSFP Trends in Per Pupil Spending illustrates the gap between Colorado and the national average, 1991-92 through 2011-12. Data sources include the U.S. Census Bureau, Colorado state Profile Data, Education Week; Quality Counts, and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). Figures are audited data, so lag behind current spending numbers. For the past 20 years, the gap has continued to grow; from less than $500 per student in the early to mid-1990s to between $1,800 and $2,800 less by FY 2011-12.

Gap in Colorado K-12 Per Pupil Spending over the last 20 years.

Read the Colorado Public Radio report: Colorado per-pupil spending lags US Average even more, report says, January 14, 2015, about the Trends in Per Pupil Spending chart above.

 

2014 Information:

December 2014:

CSFP Presentation at 2014 CASB Convention: School Finance: TABOR and What's Next? pdf of powerpoint and pdf of handouts.

 

November 2014:

2014 Election Results by district (Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override, City Tax) and Summary of Elections from 2010-2014.

Mill Levy Overrides - Colorado Map

Colorado school districts with and without a local Mill Levy Override

 

October 2014:

From the U.S. Census Bureau, Public Education Finances FY 2011-12: Colorado spent $31.91 per $1,000 of Personal Income on PK-12, ranking 47th in the nation. The map is available here. The full U.S. Census Bureau, Public Education Finances: 2012 report, here.

The Education Commission of the States reports on state minimum requirements for the Number of Instructional Days/Hours in the School Year, October 2014 update. Per the report, the majority of states require a minimum of 180 student instructional days, Colorado's minimum is 160 student instructional days.

CSFP presentation to Colorado Education Initiative (CEI) Colorado STEM Network (CSN) for October 2014.

Colorado Legislative Council Services Overview of K-12 Public School Funding Scenarios presentation by Todd Herreid, Legislative Council Staff to CSFP.

National Education Policy Center's (NEPC) Schools of Opportunity: The National Education Policy Center seeks to identify and recognize excellent public high schools that actively strive to close opportunity gaps by engaging in practices that build on students’ strengths, thereby creating engaging and supported learning opportunities for all their students. Nominate your school serving at least grades 10-12. Applications for schools in Colorado and New York, application deadline November 15, 2014.

 

September 2014:

CSFP Presentation to Colorado STEM Network (CSN) September Conference Call.

CSFP Presentation to Superintendents including State Budget, Budget Considerations, Per Pupil Spending Adjusted for Inflation (CO and US), PPR from 1999-00 to 2014-15, Charts with Negative Factor Reduction as Percent of Factors.

Per Pupil Spending (Adjusted for Inflation): Trends in Colorado and U.S. Average Per Pupil Spending on page 1 and Colorado's School Finance and Education Reform on page 2. In 2012, Colorado's average per pupil spending was lower than the 1995 amount, as Colorado's Education Reform expanded significantly over the last few years. CSFP's expanded timeline from 1990's to the present is available in the Timeline tab.


The Office of the State Auditor
released the 2014 School Fiscal Health report last month. Within the report the OSA states "...the decline in available resources is taking its toll on districts. It is possible that the number of districts with warning indicators will increase again in Fiscal Year 2015 analysis." (pg 36). CSFP created two documents from the report:



District Budget Conversations for 2014-15 School Year - information from districts and media as of August 2014. Prior year budget cut conversations are in the District Budget Cuts tab.

 

DISTRICT ELECTIONS & overview of Mill Levy Overrides:

DRAFT Preliminary CSFP 2014 school district Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override, Local Sales Tax elections. Report wll be updated as information changes - updated as of October 6, 2014.

DRAFT Summary Overview of Elections 2010-2014 as of October 6, 2014.

An overview of Mill Levy Overrides from 2009-13. Between 2009 and 2013, Colorado experienced the Great Recession and the beginnings of an economic recovery. To help balance the state's budget, the Colorado State Legislature first instituted Mid-Year rescissions, and then created the Negative Factor. During this time period 40 of Colorado's 178 districts passed a mill levy override (MLO), while 138 did not. Mill Levy Overrides between 2009-2013 is a one-page overview of the impact of having the capacity/not having the capacity to pass a MLO, the wide variation of how many dollars 1 mill can raise, and the impact to district budgets.


Charter Schools & Traditional Public Schools, an overview
:
presentation to Wind Crest Community, Highlands Ranch, CO.

August 2014:

Office of the State Auditor, School Fiscal Health report, July 2014. The report includes information from 2011, 2012, and 2013. For additional background, the District Budget Cuts tab contains information about the cuts districts made during this timeframe due to the Negative Factor and mid-year rescissions. The Colorado School Finance Timeline and Education Reform provides a historical overview of this time period. Prior year School Fiscal Health reports from 2009-2013 are on the School Finance 101 tab, then click on the Office of the State Auditor heading.

Map of Districts with 2 or more warning indicators:


July 2014

CSFP and APA presentation at CASE Conference - School Finance:

1) What does a good finance system look like and how does Colorado compare?
2) National Trends - formulas, funding, budgeting, transparency, student count.
3) Foundation formulas - philosophy of districts - FTE, student based and combinations
4) Colorado's formula

K-12 Per Pupil Funding and National Average Chart comparing Colorado per pupil funding to the National average 1970 - 2011 using NCES data, Gallagher, TABOR, and Amendment 23 passage also noted. Chart provided by Great Education Colorado.


June 2014

Dwyer v State of Colorado - complaint, press release, media. We have also added a new tab, Amendment 23 Dwyer v CO, for information related to the lawsuit.

June 2014 State Forecast: Legislative Council Forecast and Office of State Planning and Budget (OSPB)

Mill Levy Overrides between 2009-2013 - Between 2009 and 2013, Colorado experienced the Great Recession and the beginnings of an economic recovery. To help balance the state's budget, the Colorado State Legislature first instituted Mid-Year rescissions, and then created the Negative Factor. During this time period 40 of Colorado's 178 districts passed a mill levy override (MLO), while 138 did not. Mill Levy Overrides between 2009-2013 is a one-page overview of the impact of having the capacity/not having the capacity to pass a MLO, the wide variation of how many dollars 1 mill can raise, and the impact to district budgets.

District Budget Conversations for 2014-15 School Year - information from districts and media as of August 2014. Prior year budget cut conversations are in the District Budget Cuts tab.

CSFP's annual update to our timeline: Colorado's School Finance & Education Reform Timeline 1980-2014 - updated June 2014.


Update to CSFP Trends in Per Pupil Spending illustrates the gap between Colorado and the national average, 1991-92 through 2010-11. Data sources include the U.S. Census Bureau, Colorado state Profile Data, Education Week; Quality Counts, and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). For the past 19 years, the gap has continued to grow; from less than $500 per student in the early to mid-1990s to between $1,800 and $2,700 less by FY 2010-11.

Colorado's funding gap comparing CO per pupil spending to the national average has continued to grow for almost two decades.

 

May 2014

What is Equity in School Finance? discussion presentation to CSFP Advisory Committee.

School Finance as of end of session.

April 2014

Buy-down of Negative Factor & Related Information

 

CSFP presentation to Advisory Committee

Colorado Public Radio: Why Colorado schools want their $1 billion back- listen or read the article. CPR's education reporter Jenny Brundin talks with Colorado Matters host Ryan Sarner about the $1 billion Negative Factor - April 16, 2014

March 2014

Presentation by Natalie Mullis, Chief Economist, Colorado Legislative Council to CSFP: The Colorado Economy, State Budget and TABOR Situation, March 21, 2014.

Students with Disabilities Four-year Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate - U.S. and Colorado

  • CO has one of the larger achievement gaps; ranking 33 of 48
  • 4 Year Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate:
    • All students: 75%
    • Students with Disabilties: 54%
    • Colorado Percentage Point Gap: 21
  • Colorado identifies about 10% of students as needing Special Education services. The National Average is about 12%.

 

All district responses (84 of 178 districts; 47%) gathered by CSFP regarding the impact of two scenarios (request for $200 million to reduce the negative factor by superintendents) for the 2014-15 budgets. Responses include district replies, letters and resolutions. Responses as of March 27, 2014. (See related post in February 2014 below). CSFP Timeline of School Finance and Education Reform.

We added a new tab: School Finance Act/Legislation & Amendment 23 - School Finance Bills, K-12 Education Supplemental Bills with related legislative information from 2000-2013. State Education Fund (SEF) Reports from 2002-2014, and Amendment 23.

February 2014

The Colorado School Finance Project, per the request of school districts, gathered information reflecting the impact of two scenarios for the 2014-15 budgets. The superintendents requested $275 million for education - $75 million of the $275 million was earmarked, assuming no discretion on funds. The CSFP asked districts to reflect on the impact of $200 million to reduce the negative factor (this in addition to the Governor's budget). We will gladly take input for how districts will utilize the $75 million in earmarked dollars. All responses will be published:

 

A Blast from the Past: Reminders about TABOR Rebates, Colorado Fiscal Institute

Students with Disabilities Four-year Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate - U.S. and Colorado

 

CASE Conference 2014, DBO Presentation powerpoint and handouts:

Three Years of Negative Factor by district - FY 2011-12 thru FY 2013-14. Totals by district and Fiscal Year.

January 2014

Presentation by Natalie Mullis, Chief Economist, Legislative Council Staff to CSFP covering:

  • Economic and Budget Outlook
  • SB 09-228 Transfers
  • The Basics of TABOR
  • TABOR and Revenue Management
  • Memorandum of Overview of SB 09-228, Concerning an Increase in the Flexibility of the General Assembly to Determine the Appropriate Use of State Revenues - November 13, 2013

Presentation by Charlie Brown, Director, Colorado Futures Center at CSU: Financing Colorado's Future - A Fresh Outlook at The Funding of State Government.

 

Two Issue Briefs 1)Colorado State and Local Taxes and 2)Corporate Income Taxes from Colorado Legislative Council Staff

 

Presentation to Joint Education Committee: Overview of State Education Fund and K-12 Public School Funding - January 22, 2014, Craig Harper & Todd Herreid, JBC Budget Committee Staff & Legislative Council Staff


Trends in 2013 pupil membership (updated with CDE 2013 Instruction Progam Counts). This information is also available on the Student Trends tab/page.

  1. Who are Colorado's Public School Students? as of January 2014 - Highlights of several population groups
  2. Fall Student Counts for Gifted and Talented, Special Education, English Learners, Free Lunch, Trends in pupil membership.
  3. Colorado's Homeless Student Count 2005-2013.
  4. Free Lunch and Reduced Lunch Count, report on PK-12, 42% of Colorado's PK-12 students are Free and Reduced Lunch. Source: CDE Fall Free Lunch and Reduced Lunch Count.
  5. English Language Learners (ELL) and English Language Proficiency Act (ELPA), showing ELL and ELPA student count and per pupil spending trends, data source: CDE
  6. GT Students Served and Program Funding, 2005-06 thru 2013-14, Data source: CDE Instuctional Program Count.

 

Colorado and U.S. Teacher Salary Summary 2012-13: How Colorado teacher salaries compare to other states average teacher salary for 2012-13 and the average teacher salary percent change in constant dollars (1999-000 to 2012-13). Information from NCES using NEA, Estimates of School Statistics. Over the past 13 years, Colorado decreased the average teacher salary by 4.9%

  • Colorado estimated teacher salary 2012-13: $49,844
  • $6,539 below the U.S. Average
  • Rank: 32

Education Week, Quality Counts 2014 (2010-11 School Year, FY 2011). Colorado focus:

  1. Per Pupil Spending by State: Colorado ranks 43 of 51 in per pupil spending; spending $2,704 less per pupil than the U.S. Average of $11,864.
  2. Percent Total Taxable Resources spent by State. Colorado ranks 38th.
  3. School Finance Grade by state. Colorado ranks 39th with a D+.
  4. Achievement Gap-Closing Remains a Challenge State Map. U.S. map from Education Week: Quality Counts 2014. Colorado's gap widened by 5 points or more.
  5. Nearby States Spending More Per Pupil than Colorado. Colorado spends $2,704 less than the U.S. average.
    • Kansas spends $2,424 more than Colorado
    • Montana $5,329
    • Nebraska $4,483
    • Wyoming $10,374
  6. Past Quality Counts reports

 

2014 School Finance: from November and December 2013 Forecasts

Return to Year Selection (top of page)


2013 Information:

December 2013

Sequestration Survey: The CSFP is collecting information from Districts and BOCES on the possible impact of Sequestion. We began collecting information in early 2013 and will continue for 2014.

 

2013 State Profile Data: Our annual profile information depicts changes in K-12 funding and counts (comparing 1992-93 to 2006-07 to 2010-11 to 2011-12). For previous information, click on theState Profile Data tab.

CASB Convention 2013 presentations:

Update to the CSFP timelineColorado's School Finance & Education Reform Timeline 1980 - 2013, updated November 2013. (Also available in the Timeline section on the left).

 

November 2013

Final results of November 2013 school district Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override, Technology Mill Levy elections.

Building Excellent Schools Today (BEST) overview of the BEST program (powerpoint) and PDFM.ap(see below) of BEST Projects Funded by Districts through FY2012-13. Overview of BEST as of November 2013:

  • Helping over 127,490 students statewide
  • 325 School Facilities impacted
  • 209 Grants funded -over $1 Billion funded out of $2.48 Billion requested
  • Helping create and support over 16,730 jobs as of December 2012
  • Statewide Facility Assessment March 2010 - over $17.9 billion in Capital Construction needs

Colorado's Building Excellent Schools Today (BEST) Grant Program, map of projects funded through FY2012-13

October 2013

Center on Budget and Policy PrioritiesNew School Year Brings More Cuts in State Funding for Schools.

School finance 2014: The Negative Factor

September 2013

2013 Floods - preliminary reporting on flooding in districts, September 25, 2013 (Colorado Education News).

Districts seeking Bond, BEST, Mill Levy Override or Technology Mill Levy in November 2013 - working copy that will be updated with the results of the November election.

August 2013:

CSFP and APA presentation to CASB members: School Finance, Past, Present, Future.

Sequestration Impacts on District/BOCES 2013-14 Budgets: The Colorado School Finance Project (CSFP) is collecting information from districts and BOCES about the effects of sequestration on their 2013-14 budgets: DRAFT 2013 Sequestration Impact Survey, as of August 2013. Note this is a working document/draft.

Updated: Future School Finance Act per SB13-213 (source: CDE's website) - August 2013 update.

SB13-213 Detailed District Model (CDE) - Updated August 2013
- SB 13-213 Detailed District Funding Model - Final
- July 2013 CASE PowerPoint School Finace Updates

SB12-213 Legislative Council Tables - Updated August 2013
- Table 1B - Comparison of Total Program under SFA SB13-213
- Table 2B - Comparison of State and Local Shares under SFA SB13-213
- Table 3B - Comparison of State and Local Shares under SFA SB13-213 with No New Local Support
- Table 4B - Comparison of Total Program Mill Levies under SFA SB13-213

July 2013:

CASE Conference: School Finance - past - present - future, CSFP and Augenblick, Palaich & Associates

SB13-213 An Act, Article 54.5 Public School Finance Act

National Center for Education Statistics (NCES): US Average and Colorado Per Pupil Spending - Adjusted for Inflation FY 1996-FY 2011. Adjusted for inflation, Colorado spent $-1,816 less per pupil than the national average in FY2011. The full NCES report: NCES Revenues & Expenditures for Public Elementary & Secondary Education: School Year 2010-11 (Fiscal Year 2011) is available here.

June 2013:

June Forecast:

Colorado Secretary of State: Petition format approved: Initiative 22. Ballot Title Setting Board: Ballot title and submission clause.

CSFP's annual update to our timeline: Colorado's School Finance & Education Reform Timeline 1980-2013 - newly updated July, 2013.

 

May 2013:

Highlights and CSFP reports using the recently released US Census, Public Education Finances 2011 data. Data range from 1991-92 t0 2010-11:

Opinion of Colorado Supreme Court, State v Lobato, May 28, 2013.

April 2013:

SB13-213 (Changes to the School Finance Act for 2014-15 and beyond, pending passage of a ballot measure for increased funding). NOTE: See updates in August 2013.

Proposed Initiatives for Funding Public Schools:

CSFP: 2013 Proposed Initiatives for Funding Public Schools DRAFT overview as of April 30, 2013

2013-14 Initiative Filings, Agendas & Results - Title Board - Secretary of State's Office

SB13-260 Rerevised:

Sequestration Impacts on District/BOCES 2013-14 Budgets: The Colorado School Finance Project (CSFP) is collecting information from districts and BOCES about the effects of sequestration on their 2013-14 budgets: DRAFT 2013 Sequestration Impact Survey, as of April 23, 2013. Note this is a working document/draft, we will update the information in the coming weeks.

Recent presentation materials:

March 2013:

The proposed legislation around school finance (SB13-213) and the proposed district data financial runs are available. The proposed school finance will move quickly over that next few weeks so stay tuned in.

  1. SB13-213 (as introduced March 8, 2013)
  2. CDE: SB13-213 School Funding Models Legislative Council Table (Runs) - (CDE>Offices>School Finance>Public School Finance Funding & Payment Information>Fiscal Year 2013-14 School Finance Funding). Note that SB13-213 data models are for 2014-15, pending passage of a ballot measure in 2013.

The oral arguments to the Supreme Court for the Lobato v. State of Colorado case on Thursday, March 7th, at 9:30 AM.  Refer to The Lobato Case for more information.

February 2013:

The CSFP created a booklet of CSFP information to present to the House and Senate Education Committees on February 13, 2013. The booklet contains information compiled by CSFP including: history of School Finance, who/where are Colorado's students? Principles of a School Finance System, New Reforms in the Past 5 Years, Where to Begin When Changing a School Finance Formula (Legislative Role), Resource Needs, an Update on the Costing Out Model and a variety of other summary documents. Booklets from past years are available on the School Finance 101 tab or click here to go directly to the Booklet section.


A Costing Out Study works to understand the resources necessary for students/teachers/schools/districts/states to meet education standards and requirements. Studies have been done in over 20 states and they have been commissioned by Governors, Legislatures, Departments of Education and advocacy groups.

Effective School Expenditures, Research-Based Options for Education Policymaking, National Education Policy Center, School of Education, University of Colorado, William Mathis

 

Colorado 21: Building A World-Class Education System: Senator Johnston's Office presented to CSFP for discussion on February 8, 2013.

January 2013:

Trends in 2012 pupil membership (updated with CDE 2012 Instructional Program Counts)

    1. Who are Colorado's Public School Students? as of January 2013, Highlights of several population groups.
    2. Fall Student Counts for Gifted and Talented, Special Education, English Learners, Free Lunch, Trends in pupil membership.
    3. Colorado's Homeless Student Count 2005-2012.
    4. Free Lunch and Reduced Lunch Count, report on PK-12, 41% of Colorado's PK-12 students are Free and Reduced Lunch. Source: CDE Fall Free Lunch and Reduced Lunch Count.
    5. English Language Learners (ELL) and English Language Proficiency Act (ELPA), showing ELL and ELPA student count and per pupil spending trends, Data source: CDE.
    6. GT Students Served and Program Funding, 2005-06 thru 2012-13.

    CSFP pupil membership information is available in the Student Trends tab on the left.

Education Week, Quality Counts 2013: Where does Colorado rank compared to what other states spend per pupil? Data: School Year 2009-10, Fiscal Year 2010

    1. Per Pupil Spending by State. Colorado ranks 42nd of 51 in per pupil spending; spending $2,518 less per pupil than the U.S. Average
    2. Overall Grade and Per Pupil Spending. Colorado's grade is C- and ranks 37th. Grade: Education Week's Quality Counts tracks key education indicators and then grades the states on their policy efforts and outcomes. For more information: www.edweek.org/media/QualityCounts2013_Release.PDF
    3. Percent Total Taxable Resources Spent by State. Colorado ranks 37th.
    4. Nearby States Spending More Per Pupil than Colorado. Colorado spends -$2,518 less per pupil than the national average.

    CSFP information on Quality Counts is available in the Colorado Rankings tab.

How much more than Colorado do nearby states spend?

  • Kansas spends $2,479 more than Colorado
  • Montana $4,975
  • Nebraska $4,243
  • New Mexico $1,664
  • Wyoming $9,508

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2012 Reports:

December 2012:

CSFP School Finance presentation on local revenue to the TAG (Technical Advisory Group) of the School Finance Partnership (SFP).

Greg Smith, Executive Director, Colorado PERA, presentation about PERA to CSFP.

David Sciarra, Education Law Center: Report on the Cost of Education (NJ), New Jersey Department of Education, Division of Finance, Office of School Funding and A Costing Out Primer, National Access Network, Teachers College, Columbia University.

BEST: Statistics for the BEST program through the 2012 Grant Cycle, presentation at 2012 CASB Convention by Ted Hughes (CDE), Dave Van Sant (Chair, BEST Board), Lyndon Burnett (Vice-Chair, BEST Board and CASB Board), Mary Wickersham (Senior Director, The Piton Foundation) as of November 2012 highlights:

  • Helping over 113,800 students statewide
  • 284 School Facilities impacted
  • 181 Grants funded - $979 Million
  • Helping create and support over 16,730 jobs
  • Statewide Facility Assessment - over $17.9 billion in Capital Construction needs.

Additional information on BEST is in the BEST tab.

November 2012:

CSFP presentation at the 2012 CASB Conference - The School Finance Puzzle and School Finance is More Than a Formula or a Number highlighting the background of school finance, Revenue (where does it come from, goal of 1994 act, today's mills) and the 2012/13 Discussions and Options.

The Office of State Planning and Budgeting (OSPB) presentation: Perspective on Colorado's Budget and Economy, November 2012.

CU's Buechner Institute for Governance, School of Public Affairs presentation on Efficiency in Colorado State Government Series, P-12 Working Report.

Capital Construction (Bond, BEST) & General Operations (Mill Levy Override, Local Sales Tax) District Election Results. Note: you may need to press "refresh" to view the most recent file. Overview of the election results.

2012 Local Elections Generate $152M for General Operations
Type Pass Fail Total Passed
General Operations 15 1 $152,453,800
Capital Construction 20 2 $857,362,085


Additional information on elections is in the Elections tab.

October 2012:

Moving Forward - Ideas and Solutions (Amicus Briefs - Lobato) - One page briefing re: What revenue is available now? What does TABOR say? 2010 Senate Joint Resolution E Concerning a Request for a Comprehensive Tax Study (bi-partisan support), Other issues to Consider.

BEST (Building Excellent Schools Today) video by Stefan Welsh - comments by Superintendents from Sangre de Cristo, Kim and Creede school districts and Kathy Gebhardt describing:

  1. A new, safe learning environment for a district that received a BEST grant (and passed a matching Override Local Mill Levy).
  2. The status of older schools in districts with low property value.
  3. The BEST legislation's impact on the safety of students in Colorado school buildings.

 

B.E.S.T. (Building Excellent Schools Today) presentation by David Van Sant (Chair, State Capital Construction Assistance Board) and Ted Hughes (Director, Division of Capital Construction Assistance, CDE) describing How BEST began, the Capital Construction Assistance Board, Where does BEST money come from? and Types of Grants.

What is the Impact of Inadequate School Facilities on Student Learning?

Excerpt: A number of studies have shown that many school systems, particularly those in urban and high-poverty areas, are plagued by decaying buildings that threaten the health, safety, and learning opportunities of students. Good facilities appear to be an important precondition for student learning, provided that other conditions are present that support a strong academic program in the school. A growing body of research has linked student achievement and behavior to the physical building conditions and overcrowding. Read the full report: Impact of Inadequate School Facilities on Student Learning - US Department of Education.

Additional information on BEST is in the BEST tab.

November 2012 elections: Districts with a Bond, BEST Matching, Mill Override, or Sales Tax Increase on the ballot for November 2012 (DRAFT as of October 22, 2012). CSFP continues to modify the report as we receive updates, please check back for the most recent draft. Overview draft of the November 2012 elections: Overview District Bond, BEST Matching, Local Mill Override, Sales Tax Increase Elections - updated as of October 22, 2012. Note: you may need to press the "refresh" button to view the most recent document.

Additional information on elections is in the Elections tab.

September 2012:

The Budget and the Economy 2013, presentation by Carol Hedges, Director, Colorado Fiscal Policy Center. Making the 2013, The Year of the Student presentation by Lisa Weil, Great Education Colorado. 2013 Year of the Student supporting organizations.

Lobato Lawsuit Appeal update: Notice of Appeal by Defendants, Briefs and Amici Curiae Briefs "friend of the court" by Defendants and Plaintiffs.

Additional information on the Lobato case is in the Lobato Summary tab.

 

August 2012:

Michael Griffith's (Senior Financial Analyst, Education Commission of the States) presentation on the Current Trends in Education Finance and Emerging Issues in K-12 Education.

CSFP presentation to University of Denver (DU) class on School Finance.

Listen to an informative discussion on Planning for Colorado's Future in Education - Guests Tracie Rainey, Denny Hill, and Charlie Brown discuss school finance on MileHiRadio's The Leaders Edge Show, August 9, 2012. Click here and then scroll down to August 9, 2012, and click on the MP3 link.

2012 State Profile Data:Our annual profile information depicting changes in K-12 funding and counts (comparing 1992-93 to 2005-06 to 2009-10 to 2010-11).

Additional State Profile data is available in the State Profile Data tab.

July 2012:

Trends in Per Pupil Spending between Colorado and the national average, 1991-92 through 2008-09. Data sources include U.S. Census Bureau, Colorado State Profile Data, Education Week Quality Counts, National Center for Education Statistics. For the past 16 years, the funding gap between Colorado per pupil spending and the national average continues to grow, see chart below - Trends in Per Pupil Spending Chart:

For the past 16 years, Colorado per pupil spending has fallen further and further from the national average.

CSFP and APA presentation at the 2012 CASE Annual Education Leadership Convention, What's New with School Finance?

Colorado Public Radio interviewed the Colorado School Finance Project about the continuing classroom cuts for Colorado school districts. Listen here.

U.S. Census Bureau, Public Education Finances: 2010 (2012 update). Highlights of Colorado’s data:

  • The U.S. Census Bureau’s Per Pupil Spending Amounts by State: 2009-10 indicates Colorado is  $-1,762 dollars below the national average.
  • Current gap between Colorado and average US spending is $1,762, the 2nd largest gap since 1991-92. 
  • Since 2002-03 (7 years) Colorado’s ranking has fallen from the 30th to 41st in per pupil spending.
  • As Colorado has increased per pupil spending over the years, the average per pupil spending in the US has increased more.

CSFP created the following reports reflecting Colorado's Education Finance Data Rankings:

U.S. Census Bureau: Public Education Finances: 2010, Highlighting Colorado's rankings:

June 2012:

School district budget cut conversations for School Year 2012-13 - Ongoing discussions. Districts make final decisions by June 30, 2012.

  • Cuts continue for the 3rd and 4th year
  • Drawing down reserves
  • Concerns in reduction of administrators with the implementation of Educator Effectiveness
  • Furlough days continue and expand
  • Class sizes contine to increase
  • Lowered graduation requirements
  • Reduce facilities and/or close schools

Cuts reported by individual school districts for 2012-13
Media reported cuts for school districts for 2012-13
Trends in the cuts for 2012-13

Timeline of Colorado's School Finance & Education Reform 1980-2012 (Updated through 2012 Legislative session.)

Video of the Rural Education Challenge panel discussion and forum May 31, 2012: unique challenges facing rural Colorado school districts with a panel of rural educators.

May 2012: Some basic information regarding property taxes, state and local share, and mill levy overrides:

April 2012: Negative Factor Increases: 12.94% in 2011-12, increases to 16.1% for 2012-13, "Flat Funding?" - Districts Continue to Cut. School districts face another year of drastic cuts as the Negative Factor continues to increase. Options to keep cuts away from the classroom are unrealistic.

David Sciarra, Education Law Center (ELC), presentation to CSFP Fair School Funding - Colorado and booklet Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card.

March 2012: The University of Denver's Center for Colorado's Economic Future presented their March 2012 update to their Financing Colorado's Future Study/Report. The full report, March 2012 update, animated mill levy chart and a narrated slide show are available on the DU Center for Colorado's Economic Future website. Report: Financing Colorado's Future, An Analysis of the Fiscal Sustainability of State Government, Phase I Finding, April 2011.

Two reports included in presentation to House and Senate Education Committees: Overview of Where to Begin When Changing A School Finance Formula? - Legislative Role. Information on Colorado's School Districts grouped by district size (student count) including the number & percentage of students, and Free/Reduced Lunch students.

CSFP and Augenblick, Palaich & Associates (APA) presentation booklet to House and Senate Education Committees: Overview of School Finance and Where to Begin when Changing a School Finance Formula? Legislative Role. Additional CSFP Booklets are available in the School Finance 101 tab or click here.

The Principles of School Finance: What is a School Finance System? How does Student Count fit in?

February 2012: A couple of new summaries: Who Are Colorado's Public School Students? and a Chart of Colorado's GT, Special Education, English Learners and Free Lunch. For more detail, click on the following links: English Language Learners & ELPA, Free Lunch & Reduced Lunch, Gifted & Talented, Homeless. This information can also be accessed in the Student Trends tab on the left of this page.

Colorado School Finance Myths and Facts, contributed to and complied by a group of Colorado school district Chief Financial Officers.

January 2012: Quick Facts on School Finance Formulas and Public School Trust Lands.

Augenblick, Palaich and Associates powerpoint Using Resources Applied to Measurements for Teacher Pay.

CDE's January 2012 Funding Comparison from 2011-12 to proposed 2012-13 funding is available here. Column AK is the projected change in funding in 2012-13. Column V contains the 2012-13 Estimated Negative Factor. We will post updates as they become available. CDE's Understanding Colorado School Finance and Categorical Program Funding for July 2011 is available here.

Survey Results: 3 Years of Budget Cuts to Colorado School Districts. At the end of 2011, the CSFP surveyed school districts regarding their budget reductions over the past three years (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12).

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2011 Reports:

December 2011: Key Findings in Lobato v. State Trial Court Decision by Children's Voices.

Presentation at the Colorado School Finance Partnership meeting on December 13, 2011: Litigation - Lobato Adequacy/Costing Out Process and Uses, by Children's Voices, CSFP and APA.

Lobato v. State decision in favor of plaintiffs, Children's Voices News Release: Unprecedented Victory for Colorado's Public School Children, read the Judge's ruling here. Skip to the Conclusions of Law here, pages 168 to 183.

CSFP presentations at CASB Conference:

CAP4K Second Interim Costing Out Power Point, by Augenblick, Palaich and Associates and CSFP.

November 2011: Bond, BEST and Local Mill Levy Override election results for 2011.

Lobato Remedy Presentation from November 10, 2011. Remedy Components for Lobato (DRAFT).

October 2011: Presentation on Financing Colorado's Economic Future to CSFP by DU's Center for Economic Future. A narrated version of the presentation is on DU's Center for Economic Future's website.

Presentation on An Exercise in Uncertainty: The Outlook for the Colorado Economy and Education Budget to CSFP by Natalie Mullis, Colorado Legislative Council.

The Second Interim Report on the Analysis of Costs of CAP4K (Colorado's Achievement Plan for Kids - SB 212 of 2008) by Augenblick, Palaich, and Associations and the Colorado School Finance Project. The third and final report will be submitted in October 2012. The First Interim Report was completed in March 2010.

September 2011: Great Education/Futures presentation on Proposition 103.

Lobato et al. (Plaintiffs) v The State of Colorado, et al. (Defendants), closing arguments

From the Colorado State Demography Office: Demographic Trends: Understanding the Impact of a Changing Population on Colorado, Rural Consortitum, June 2011. The website for more information is www.colorado.gov/demography.

August 2011: Follow The Lobato Case (Lobato et al. (Plaintiffs) v State of Colorado et al. (Defendants).

2011 CSFP State Profile Data:Our annual profile information depicting changes in K-12 funding and counts (comparing 1992-93 to 2004-05 to 08-09 to 09-10).

CSFP's Characteristics of Colorado's School Population: Two charts indicating the change over time of Colorado's K-12 population, 1) state student count, 2) Student counts for At-Risk, SPED, ELPA, ELL served 3+ years (no state funding).

July 2011: CSFP presentation at CASE Conference: Ups & Downs, What's Up with School Finance.

Final District Budget Cut Conversations 2011-12. From February 2011 through June 2011 the CSFP assembled district budget cut conversations from media reports and directly reported to us by districts.

June 2011: Timeline of Colorado's School Finance & Education Reform 1980-2012 (Updated through 2011 Legislative session)

Growth trend in Colorado's K-12 homeless population and Free Lunch and Reduced Lunch populations.

U.S. Census Bureau data for Per Pupil Spending and Revenue 1) Spending Amounts by State and 2) three charts comparing Colorado to U.S Spending, Revenue and the historical trend of Colorado's ranking.

April 2011: Colorado Costing Out P12 Education, presentation by APA.

A Rural Needs Study: Improving CDE Services to Rural School Districts, prepared for CDE by Phil Fox and David Van Sant, Ph.D.

Results of an educational cost study conducted by Augenblick, Palaich and Associates (APA), commissioned by Children’s Voices as part of its school finance adequacy lawsuit, Lobato v. State of Colorado.

Overview of Costing Out Analysis presented by APA to CSFP on March 25, 2011.

Exploration of School District Consolidation by the CSFP and Augenblick, Palaich & Associates (APA).

Average Daily Membership Study (ADM)- CSFP, APA and University of Colorado Denver presented the findings of the Average Daily Membership study (powerpoint), SB 10-008 to the Joint Senate and House Education Committees, full report Average Daily Membership (ADM) study.

CSFP presented an overview of the Colorado School Finance Project to the Joint Senate and House Education Committees. Additional booklets on School Finance are available in the School Finance 101 tab or click here.

CSFP contracted with APA to look at historical data (1994 through 2007-08) for fifty states and DC regarding spending, relationship of various characteristics and what has changed over time. Brief overview and six maps (2 per page): Change in Enrollment and Need, Performance and Size, Wealth and Effort.

CDE's Colorado Student population by Race & Ethnicity pie charts - Fall 2009-2010.

Quality Counts 2011 from Education Week Updates:

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2010 Reports:

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2009 Reports:

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2008 Reports:

CSFP and APA powerpoint at CASE Convention: Making the Connection between CAP4K (SB08-212), school finance and the Costing Out Analysis. Learn about what other states are doing:

Graduation Guidelines Development Council's report to the State Board of Education.
US Census Bureau data for 05-06 (released in 2008) comparing Per Pupil Spending and Amount Spent per $1000 of Personal Income for Colorado and neighboring States.
Mill Levy Stabilization: CSFP response to the most common questions about the Mill Levy Stabilization in SB07-199 FAQ's and effects of the Mill Levy Stabiliation.
2008 update in process: Adequacy/Costing Out Analysis
US Census Bureau and the National Center of Education Statistics (NCES): CSFP created two charts related to Per Pupil Spending in Colorado and nearby states. Data from the US Census Bureau used to rank Colorado and nearby states on the amount spent on K-12 per $1,000 of personal income.
CSFP's Characteristics of Colorado's School Population: Charts document Colorado's total enrollment from 1992-93 through 2005-06. A second chart illustrates the the number of students receiving Special Services from 1992-93 through 2005-06. Special Education, At-risk (free lunch) and ELPA students are included in the chart.
Education Week, Quality Counts 2008: Synopsis gives perspective of how Colorado compares to the national average and the rest of the country.

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2007 Reports:

STAR Report: STAR Report: The State Taxpayer Accountability Report (STAR) for summarizes the operation of the State of Colorado.
Mill Levy Stabilization: CSFP response to the most common questions about the Mill Levy Stabilization in SB07-99, Mill Levy Stabilization FAQs and a description of the effects of Mill Levy Stabilization.
Colorado's Mill Levy History
: CSFP Mill Levy History: School Finance 1994-95 to 2005-06.
Total Program Mill Levy by County for each District for 1994-95 and 2004-05 (5 pgs).

Challenges for Adolescent English Language Learners: Alliance for Excellent Education reported on Adolescent English Language Learners for the Carnegie Corporation in late 2006. Their report Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners sheds new light on this subject. Read their press release for the highlights of the report.

Other Reports

Fingertip Fact Card - 2007
School Finance: What is Happening in Other States?
State of School Funding, 2006

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Presentations:

CASB Conference 2007, Joint Presentation: 21st Century School Finance; Complexities of Academic Expectations and Tax Policy
BOCES July 2007: School Finance
CASE Conference August 2007, Joint Presentation: Aiming For The Middle

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2006 Reports:

Colorado K-12 Education Funding: An Overview for 2004-05 data (CDE Source).
ELPA 10 Year Summary Report 1996-2006. Source: CDE
School Population Characteristics 92-93 thru 05-06

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2005 Reports

Interim Committee

Specific to Colorado (Charts):

How And Why The Base Changes: Changes over time to Adequate Base Funding compared to Actual Base Funding
Teachers Per Thousand Students: Comparison for 94-95 through 04-05
Total State Enrollment 1994-2003
Enrollment & Characteristics of School Populations from 94-95 through 02-03
ELPA Student Count & Dollar Allocation 94-95 through 05-06
Operating Expenditures (in dollars); Operating Expenditures (percentage)
Impact of Unreimbursed Costs on Base Funding 03-04

How Colorado Compares Nationally:

How Does Colorado Compare?: Education Week, Quality Counts, Jan. 6, 2005
Rankings of the States: Colorado (NEA Research, May 2004)
Education State Rankings 2004-2005 (Publisher Morgan-Quinto)
Taxes 2005: How Does Colorado Compare (Tax Foundation, Washington, DC, April 2005)